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Transitional Justice in Afghanistan

In 2001, Afghans embarked on a long and difficult process of political, economic and security transition, marking the end of two decades of oppression and destitution and the beginning of the peace-building mission. Afghans welcomed the transitional government and its international partners in the hopes that they would be able to bring an end to the violence. However, by 2005 it became evident that many of Afghanistan’s challenges and sources of instability were left unaddressed and as such violence continued to remain in its various forms. One of the sources for this was the unaddressed question of past crimes and human rights violations and the role alleged war criminals were able to carve for themselves in the new Afghan government. While the state initially attempted to pursue mechanisms for transitional justice such efforts were quickly deprioritized in the face of growing security threats, weak governance, and mixed international support.

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