The political, economic and humanitarian crisis currently ongoing in the Central African Republic has its roots in the violence occurred in the country December 2012, when rebels from the Muslim Séléka coalition rose up against the then-President François Bozizé. Fighting between Séléka group and Bozizé supporters organized in anti-balaka militia continued even after the President’s ousting and the sing of the Brazzaville Peace Agreement in 2014. These conflicts, occurred between and within the armed groups, have led to egregious violations of humanitarian international law. Today, more that 400,000 civilians are internally displaced and about 470,000 fled to neighboring countries. In total, 2,2 million people are now in need of humanitarian assistance.
Since October 2013, the UN Security Council has passed nine Resolutions emphasizing the government’s responsibility to protect its population. In 2016, it has also renewed the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) until November 2017. Despite considerable political developments on the ground, the international community, in cooperation with the whole range of regional organizations active on the territory, must strengthen and better coordinate its efforts towards the establishment of a durable and peaceful solution in the country.
The Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) Ambassadorial-level meeting on CAR, held on 16 March, represented the upmost expression of the need of a more comprehensive cooperation at the international level. At the presence of the President of CAR, Faustine-Archange Touadéra, and of the Head of MINUSCA, Parfait Onanga-Anyanga, representatives from all different countries reiterated their support to finally end conflicts in the region, by engaging in substantive and cohesive military and humanitarian efforts. They expressed the necessity to halt the recurrence of gross human rights violations, which have plagued the Central African Republic since 2012. They also underscored the importance for the peace process to be nationally led, in order for the government to implement a tailored approach, which could successfully face the many and serious challenges posed by this gangrenous ethnical and political conflict.
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This update was written by Francesca Cocomera